HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN DENGAN KECEMASAN IBU HAMIL MENGHADAPI PERSALINAN PADA MASA PANDEMI COVID-19 DI RSU SARI MUTIARA LUBUK PAKAM

  • Rosetty Rita Sipayung Universitas Sari Mutiara Indonesia
  • Erwin Silitonga Universitas Sari Mutiara Indonesia
  • Lasma Rina Efrina Sinurat Universitas Sari Mutiara Indonesia
Keywords: Knowledge, Anxiety, Pregnant Mother, Covid-19 Pandemic

Abstract

Covid-19 is an infectious disease caused by acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. Covid-19 infection can increase the risk of pneumonia in pregnant women compared to non-pregnant women. Pregnant women who experience anxiety will have an impact on the mother and fetus. One of them is miscarriage and premature birth. The principles of preventing the transmission of coronavirus in pregnant women include universal precautions by always washing hands with soap for 20 seconds or hand sanitizer, using personal protective equipment (cloth masks), maintaining body condition by diligently exercising and getting enough rest, eating with balanced nutrition, and practice cough-sneezing etiquette. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between knowledge and anxiety of pregnant women facing childbirth during the COVID-19 pandemic at Sari Mutiara Lubuk Pakam Hospital. The research design used in this study was cross sectional. The total population in this study were 216 pregnant women and using a total sampling technique so that a sample of 43 pregnant women was obtained. From the research, it was found that there was a relationship between knowledge and anxiety of pregnant women facing childbirth during the Covid-19 pandemic at Sari Mutiara Lubuk Pakam Hospital. This research shows that there is a significant relationship. The results of data analysis with the Chi Square test were obtained with a significance level of <0.05, the results were p = 0.027, indicating H1 was accepted and H0 was rejected, meaning that there was a significant relationship between knowledge and anxiety of pregnant women facing childbirth during the COVID-19. It is recommended that pregnant women always pay attention to their health and increase their knowledge, especially regarding nutritious and highly nutritious foods and reduce anxiety before delivery during the COVID-19 pandemic.

 

Abstrak

Covid-19 merupakan penyakit menular yang disebabkan oleh sindrom pernapasan akut coronavirus 2. Infeksi Covid-19 dapat meningkatkan risiko pneumonia pada wanita hamil dibandingkan dengan wanita yang tidak hamil. Ibu hamil yang mengalami rasa cemas akan berdampak pada ibu dan janinnya. Salah satunya adalah keguguran dan kelahiran prematur. Prinsip-prinsip pencegahan penularan coronavirus pada ibu hamil meliputi universal precaution dengan selalu cuci tangan memakai sabun selama 20 detik atau hand sanitizer, pemakaian alat pelindung diri (masker kain), menjaga kondisi tubuh dengan rajin olah raga dan istirahat cukup, makan dengan gizi yang seimbang, dan mempraktikan etika batuk-bersin. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengetahui hubungan pengetahuan dengan kecemasan ibu hamil menghadapi persalinan pada masa pandemi covid-19 di RSU Sari Mutiara Lubuk Pakam. Desain penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah cross sectional. Jumlah populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah sebanyak 216 orang ibu hamil dan menggunakan teknik total sampling sehingga didapatkan sampel sebanyak 43 orang ibu hamil. Dari penelitian diperoleh hasil bahwa ada hubungan pengetahuan dengan kecemasan ibu hamil menghadapi persalinan pada masa pandemi Covid-19 di  RSU Sari Mutiara Lubuk Pakam. Dalam penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa adanya hubungan yang signifikan. Hasil analisa data dengan uji Chi Square diperoleh dengan tingkat kemaknaan <0,05 didapatkan hasil p=0,027, menandakan H1 diterima dan H0 ditolak, artinya terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara pengetahuan dengan kecemasan ibu hamil menghadapi persalinan pada masa pandemi covid-19 di RSU Sari Mutiara Lubuk Pakam. Disarankan kepada ibu hamil selalu memperhatikan kesehatan dan meningkatkan pengetahuannya terutama mengenai makanan yang bergizi dan bernutrisi tinggi dan mengurangi kecemasan menjelang persalinan pada masa pandemi covid-19.

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Published
2022-04-28